HEMP 101

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Hemp Vs. Cannabis – What’s the Difference?    
Is Cannabis Legal in the U.S.?    
What is Hemp?    
Why is Hemp Important?    
Is Hemp and CBD Legal? 

  
Compounds in Hemp and Cannabis    
Trichomes    
Terpenes    
Cannabinoids (Phytocannabinoids) 

  
Basic Anatomy of the Hemp Plant    
Flowers    
Sugar Leaves    
Fan Leaves    
Seeds    
Stalks and Stems    
Biomass    

 

Full Spectrum Vs. Broad Spectrum Vs. Isolate    
Full-Spectrum Hemp Flower    
Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract Vs. Broad-Spectrum Hemp Extract    
CBD Isolate    


The Endocannabinoid System    


The Entourage Effect – Why Full-Spectrum is so Important   

 
Lab Testing for Hemp and CBD 
  

Certificates of Analysis (COA)    


CBD Dosing Considerations – How much CBD to take?    
Bioavailability and Absorption Rate 

  
CBD Consumption Methods: Types of Hemp & CBD Products & their Bioavailability    
CBD Oil and CBD Isolate – The Backbone of Most CBD Products    
Edible CBD Products – Foods, Candies, Beverages and Capsules    
Sublingual CBD Products – Oils, Tinctures, Sprays and Lozenges    


Smokable CBD Products – Hemp Flower, Hemp Pre-Rolls, and Hemp Cigarettes   

 
Post-Harvest: Propper Drying and Curing of Premium CBD Hemp Flower 
  
Slow Cured Hemp Flower    

 

Hemp Vs. Cannabis – What’s the Difference?   

Scientifically speaking, cannabis and hemp are the same plant - sharing the same family (Cannabaceae), the same genus (Cannabis) and the same species (Cannabis Sativa). The only difference comes from how they are bred and how hey are used. In short, the only difference between the two plants is the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) concentration – the compound that gets you high.


The plant name “cannabis” refers to a group of three plants with psychoactive properties, known as Cannabis Sativa , Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. Cannabis Sativa grows tall and skinny and is native more tropical regions including Asia, Africa and Central America. Cannabis Indica grows much shorter and bushier than sativa plants and is native to more arid and mountainous regions like India and Afghanistan. Both Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa varieties are typically what are found in a cannabis dispensary containing high concentrations of THC. Cannabis ruderalis is a short and stalky plant with thick and sturdy stems that typically contains low concentrations of THC. 


Through generations of cross breeding, it has become more and more difficult to make a clear distinction between the different varieties of the plant.


 
Is Cannabis Legal in the U.S.?    

Cannabis as a whole (including all forms of the plant) was outlawed in 29 states by 1931 due to the Prohibition era’s view of all intoxicants. Shortly after, the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 imposed an excise sales tax on the sale, possession or transfer of all hemp products, which effectively criminalized all but industrial uses for the plant. Industrial hemp was grown and sold in the U.S. until the end of WWII and the last legal hemp fields were planted in 1957 in Wisconsin. In 1970, Richard Nixon signed the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, repealing the Marijuana Tax Act and listing Marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug – along with LSD, heroin and ecstasy. It was labeled as having zero medicinal properties.


Many years down the road, California passed the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, which legalized the plant in California for medicinal purposes. Colorado and Washington were the first to fully legalize the plant for recreational use and many states have followed in their footsteps.
 


What is Hemp?    

Hemp is a member of the cannabis family that was historically cultivated and grown for its fiber or seeds more recently as a source of CBD and other cannabinoids. Hemp, by current U.S. Federal definition, is cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Although industrial hemp is a member of the Cannabis Sativa species, it does not contain enough of the cannabinoid THC to get you “high”. The lower THC content does allow for much higher concentrations of other compounds within the plant, including CBD and CBG.

 


Why is Hemp important?

Hemp farming is among the oldest industries on the planet, going back more than 10,000 years, and has historically been used for its strong fibers which can be used for clothing and textiles and more recently for plastics, construction materials and even building homes. Even the seeds from the hemp plant are highly nutritious and a great source of nutrients, protein and omega fatty acids. Nowadays, the plant is also extracted through various processes to isolate CBD and/or a wide range of other compounds from the plant to be used in food and nutritional supplements.

Is Hemp and CBD Legal? 

Hemp is now federally legal, with states given the opportunity to implement their own laws regarding the cultivation and sale of the hemp plant.


After nearly century of prohibition in the U.S., hemp only recently again became legal to grow and use in the United States under federal law. With the passage of the 2014 Farm Bill, individual states were permitted to implement laws allowing state departments of agriculture and universities to grow hemp for research or pilot programs. The passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, signed into law in December of 2018, removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, jumpstarting the sleeping industry and making it federally legal for U.S. farmers to grow, process and sell hemp commercially.


In 2016, the U.S. hemp market was valued at more than $688 million and is now on track to reach $22 billion by 2022.

According to the Brightfield Group [https://www.brightfieldgroup.com/], a leading in hemp industry research, the U.S. hemp-derived CBD market is expected to reach $23.7 billion by 2023. After the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, thousands of farmers are entering the industry and ramping up production.

Compounds in Hemp and Cannabis

 

  
Basic Anatomy of the Hemp Plant    
Flowers    

Trichomes    
Terpenes    
Cannabinoids (Phytocannabinoids) 

  
Basic Anatomy of the Hemp Plant    
Flowers    


Trichomes    
Terpenes    
Cannabinoids (Phytocannabinoids) 

  
Basic Anatomy of the Hemp Plant    
Flowers    
Sugar Leaves    
Fan Leaves    
Seeds    
Stalks and Stems    
Biomass    

 

Full Spectrum Vs. Broad Spectrum Vs. Isolate    
Full-Spectrum Hemp Flower    
Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract Vs. Broad-Spectrum Hemp Extract    
CBD Isolate    


The Endocannabinoid System    


The Entourage Effect – Why Full-Spectrum is so Important   

 
Lab Testing for Hemp and CBD    

Certificates of Analysis (COA)    


CBD Dosing Considerations – How much CBD to take?    
Bioavailability and Absorption Rate 

  
CBD Consumption Methods: Types of Hemp & CBD Products & their Bioavailability    
CBD Oil and CBD Isolate – The Backbone of Most CBD Products    
Edible CBD Products – Foods, Candies, Beverages and Capsules    
Sublingual CBD Products – Oils, Tinctures, Sprays and Lozenges    


Smokable CBD Products – Hemp Flower, Hemp Pre-Rolls, and Hemp Cigarettes   

 
Post-Harvest: Propper Drying and Curing of Premium CBD Hemp Flower    
Slow Cured Hemp Flower    

 

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